This 5x13 chicken coop is designed to be mobile, allowing you to both natural yard feed your chickens and fertilize the ground behind them. Its gabled roof offers sturdy protection, even in heavy storms. The raised nesting area also provides extra protection from predators. With proper insulation and quality materials, it can also house your chickens through most cold spells. Installing a certified heater can help in the worst of conditions. It will house up to eight chickens, and the design is easily replicated as your operation expands. The handle and wheels make movements simple, especially for a strong back on level ground.
The mobile design is especially important for organic farmers and those who want to minimize the impact of their farming practices. As you move your chickens, they feed on insects and grubs in the yard or pasture, reducing their overall population and any damage they might do to vegetable crops. The birds then leave nitrogen-rich fertilizer behind. It can put too much in the ground if left in one place for too long, but with proper rotation, you can improve almost any soils. It also reduces your overall feed costs, as your animals are grazing from their environment.
The design is for beginning chicken farmers with enough space to move the coop about. It requires a medium knowledge of carpentry, and a few days to build. The compact and mobile design is perfect for urban farmers and those introducing chickens into a natural field rotation.
Materials you’ll need
Step 1 – Assemble the Bottom Frame
1.1 Assemble the frame using 3 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ pressure-treated material. You will need two boards cut to 10′-6″‘ that will be the rim joist and four boards cut to 3’-5″ that will be the joist.
1.2 Secure the beams into the frame with 2×5″ wood screws.
1.3 Using a speed square or carpenter’s square, check the corners to make sure they are 90 degrees.
Step 2 – Assemble the Wall Studs
2.1 Using 3 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ pressure-treated material, cut eight studs and assemble using the illustrations below as a reference. Cut two grooves and drill two holes.
2.2 Use 4 1/2″ x 4 1/2″ x 1/2″ corner braces and 8×1″ wood screws to secure the corners.
2.3 Make sure the corners are 90 degrees using a carpenter’s square or speed square.
Step 3 – Assemble the Top Frame
3.1 Assemble the top frame using 3 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ pressure-treated material. You will need two boards cut to 10′-6″‘ that will be the rim joist and three boards cut to 3’-5″‘ that will be the joist.
3.2 Use 4 1/2″ x 4 1/2″ x 1/2″ corner braces and 8×1″ wood screws to secure the corners.
3.3 Using a speed square or carpenter’s square, check the corners to make sure they are 90 degrees.
Step 4 – Assemble The Roof Frame
4.1 Use 1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ material to create two different types of rafters: eight rafters for the coop and eight rafters for the aviary.
4.2 Use 1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ material to create four collar ties for coop and four collar ties for the aviary.
4.3 Use 3/4″ x 5 1/2″ material to create the ridge board.
4.4 Connect the beams with 2×3″ wood screws and assemble the roof frame.
Step 5 – Nesting Box Assembly
5.1 Using 1 1/2″ x 2 1/2″ material, assemble the frame for the nesting boxes using the illustration below as a guide. Make sure to take note of the 9-degree slope needed for the roof of the nesting boxes.
5.2 Cover the top and bottom of the nesting boxes with 9/16″ plywood and secure with 2″ wood screws.
5.3 Prepare and install starter course from the pressure-treated lumber with cross section 1/4″ x 3/4″. Prepare the 1/2″ x 6″ wood siding boards in the required amount according to the drawing. Cut the shield’s top part according to the angle of rafter slope. Assemble siding shields with 2″ galvanized nails to the frame beams.
5.4 Prepare wall’s trims from the boards with a cross-section of 3/4″ x 1″; 3/4″ x 2 1/2″; 3/4″ x 3″. Cut the boards at the required angles along the siding contour for the framing.
5.5 Assemble the door frame using 1 1/2″ x 2 1/2″ material according to the illustration.
5.6 Install two 3″ door hinges using 6×1″ wood screws. Finish the door installation by attaching 4″ surface bolt and 6″ door pull.
5.7 Cover the roof of the nesting boxes with corrugated roof panels and secure with 1 1/2″ sheet metal screws and neoprene washers.
5.8 Install nest box assembles with the help of two corner braces and 8×1″ wood screws. Connect the box frame and coop’s frame by 5″ wood screws.
Step 6 – Install Coop Doors
6.1 Assemble the frame from the pressure-treated lumber with cross section 1 1/2″ x 2 1/2 ” with 2×5″ wood screws according to the drawing.
6.2 Install door trims from the pressure-treated lumber with cross section 1 1/2″ x 3/4″ with 2″ wood screws according to the drawing.
6.3 Prepare and install starter course from the pressure-treated lumber with cross section 1/4″ x 3/4″.
6.4 Prepare the 1/2″ x 6″ wood siding boards in the required amount according to the drawing. 66.5 Assemble siding shields with 2″ galvanized nails.
6.6 Install three 3″ door hinges using 2×1″ wood screws. Finish the door installation by attaching 4″ surface bolt and 6″ door pulls.
Step 7 – Window Installation
7.1 Assemble the frame of the pressure-treated lumber with a cross-section of 1 1/2″ x 1 1/2″, according to the drawing. Cut the beams to connect them in the center.
7.2 Prepare 1/4″ wire mesh for window according to the dimensions.
Step 8 – Wheelbase Installation
8.1 Assemble the frame from the pressure-treated lumber with cross section 1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ with 2×3″ wood screws according to the drawing. Drill four holes.
8.2 Insert and secure the threaded stud in the hole. Put on wheels and fasten them according to the diagram.
Step 9 – Installing Corrugated Roofing
9.1 To cover the roof will need 36 ft2 of the corrugated roof panel.
9.2 Fasten the panels with 1 1/2″ sheet metal screw with neoprene washer.
9.3 Prepare and install metal roof ridge caps according to the drawing.
Step 10 – Decorate the Coop
Don’t forget to choose the desirable paint for your mood and the colors of your yard. Decorate your chicken coop by giving it a unique and stylish look.
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