Step By Step Instructions On How To Build A 4'x12' Small Sized Walk In Chicken Coop
This is a lean-to style chicken coop built tall enough to allow you to walk inside to collect eggs, feed, or clean. The coop is designed with protected areas for nesting and roosting, while still allowing space for roaming while the coop is closed. With a height of over seven feet, it provides easy access for anyone to step through the swinging front door. There are also cabinet style doors for entry into the nesting box, so egg collection and cleaning is a snap there as well.
The dimensions are 4 feet by 12 feet, providing plenty of interior room for up to 16 birds. It is a stationery design, which also allows for easy expansion by adding more coops next to each other. It should only take you four to five days to build, including time for glue to dry and insulation to be installed. It requires a medium level of carpentry skill to build, and the cost estimate of parts and material is around $600 to $700, all easily available at almost any hardware store.
It is spacious and sturdy enough not only to protect your chickens and hatchlings from predators but also to protect them from bad weather. The easy access design will let your chickens out for yard feeding, but still, provide security when you want your birds kept safely away.
Step 1 – Foundation Preparation
1.1 Clear the area where you want to build the coop and layout for the foundation. Use the below illustration as a guide.
1.2 For the foundation, dig the trenches at least 1′ wide and 1′ deep.
1.3 Fill the trenches to ground level with concrete and let cure, or harden. Since curing times vary between brands, read the packaging for recommended curing times.
1.4 Once the concrete has cured, use standard-sized bricks and lay them across the foundation.
Step 2 – Framing The Floor
2.1 Assemble the frame using the pressure-treated material. You will need two boards that will be the rim joist and two boards that will be the joist.
2.2 Secure the beams with wood screws.
2.3 Using a speed square or carpenter’s square, check the corners to make sure they are 90 degrees.
Step 3 – Assemble The Wall Studs
3.1 Using pressure-treated material, cut studs and then assemble them using the illustration below as a reference.
3.2 Use wood screws to secure the studs to the bottom frame.
3.3 Make sure the corners are 90 degrees using a carpenter’s square or speed square.
Step 4 – Assemble The Top Plates
4.1 Assemble the top plates using the pressure-treated material. You will need two boards that will be the top plates.
4.2 Secure the beams and studs with wood screws.
4.3 Using a speed square or carpenter’s square, check the corners to make sure they are 90 degrees.
Step 5 – Assemble The Roof Frame
5.1 Prepare 12 rafters.
5.2 Connect the beams with wood screws.
Step 6 – Framing The Floor
6.1 Using pressure-treated material, cut three joists using the illustration below as a reference.
6.2 Secure the joists to the bottom frame with wood screws.
Step 7 – Framing The Left Wall
7.1 Using pressure-treated material, cut one girt and attach it using the illustration below as a reference.
7.2 Secure the stud with wood screws.
Step 8 – Framing The Back Wall
8.1 Using pressure-treated material, cut a rough sill and window header and secure them using wood screws.
8.2 Use the illustration below as a reference.
Step 9 – Install Plywood For The Floor
9.1 Prepare the plywood for the floor sheathing according to the drawing. Cut the openings for studs.
9.2 Secure the plywood with wood screws.
Step 10 – Install Plywood For The Roof
10.1 Cut sheets of plywood for sheathing the roof using the drawing below as a guide.
10.2 Secure the plywood with wood screws.
Step 11 – Nesting Box Assemble
11.1 Using pressure-treated material, assemble the frame for the nesting boxes using the illustration below as a guide. Make sure to take note of the 9-degree slope needed for the roof of the nesting boxes.
11.2 Cover the top and bottom of the nesting boxes with plywood and secure with wood screws.
11.3 Prepare and install starter courcer from the pressure-treated lumber. Prepare wood siding boards in the required amount according to the drawing. Cut the shield’s
top part according to the angle of rafter slope. Assemble siding shields with galvanized nails to the frame beams.
11.4 Prepare wall’s trims from the boards. Cut the boards at the required angles along the siding contour for the framing.
11.5 Assemble the door frame using pressure-treated material according to the illustration and use siding material.
11.6 Install door hinges using wood screws. Finish the door installation by attaching surface bolt and door pull.
11.7 Cover the roof of the nesting boxes with corrugated roof panels and secure with sheet metal screws with neoprene washers.
11.8 Install nest box assembles with the help of two corner braces and wood screws. Connect the box frame and coop’s frame with wood screws.
Step 12 – Assemble and Install Coop Doors
12.1 Build the door frame for the coop using pressure-treated material and secure with wood screws.
12.2 Use pressure-treated material for the door trim and fasten with wood screws.
12.3 Using pressure-treated material, cut and install a starter courcer.
12.4 For the exterior siding on the door, use wood siding boards and the illustration below as a reference.
12.5 Assemble siding shields with galvanized nails.
12.6 Install door hinges using wood screws. Finish the door installation by attaching surface bolt and door pulls.
Step 13 – Window Installation
13.1 Use pressure-treated material to assemble the frame for the windows. Cut the beams to connect them to the center.
13.2 Prepare wire mesh for window according to the dimensions.
Step 14 – Aviary’s Door Assemble And Installation
14.1 For the aviary’s door, use a pressure-treated material to construct the frame and secure with wood screws.
14.2 Prepare wire mesh in the required quantity and install it on the inner side of the frame with the help of industrial stapler.
14.3 Install door hinges using wood screws. Finish the door installation by attaching surface bolt and door pull.
Step 15 – Aviary’s Mesh Wall Installation
15.1 Prepare wire mesh in the required quantity and install it on the inner side of the frames with the help of industrial stapler.
Step 16 – Installing Corrugated Roofing
16.1 You will need corrugated roofing panels to cover your coop.
16.2 Fasten the panels with sheet metal screw with neoprene washer.
16.3 Prepare and install metal roof ridge caps according to the drawing.
Step 17 – Decorate the Coop
Don’t forget to choose the desirable paint for your mood and the colors of your yard. Decorate your chicken coop by giving it unique and stylish look.
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