21 Free Chicken Coop Plans For Small Medium and Large Coops
Chicken coop construction is not that difficult! We are going to teach you how to build a comfortable and functional chicken coop for your birds. Follow through and you will learn everything you need to know about constructing a DIY chicken enclosure; right from the equipment you need through to the best materials to opt for and tips on how to enhance the comfort of your chicken pen. Check out our chicken coop plans below to get started.
When you have plenty of backyard space for chickens turn to this plan for an ideal option. It measures 6×10 feet and is fully enclosed. It’s split into two separate sections. The space between and beneath the two sections is open but enclosed.
If you live in a mild climate think about building this 4 x 8 chicken run with a raised shelter for roosting and egg laying. It’s fully enclosed to keep out predators and confine the chickens in a safe space. This coop has a human-sized entry door that opens into the outdoor space.
When you need a chicken coop that has plenty of space and function, consider this plan. With an enclosed run, your birds will have room to stretch their legs and enjoy the fresh air without fear of predation. The coop has raised nesting boxes that provide safety for your hens.
This chicken run plan combines an enclosed structure for the birds along with space for them to be outdoors. It can provide enough walk-around and roosting space. It is a perfect solution for hobbyists who need to restrict the range of their birds periodically.
If you’re just getting into raising chickens, this plan gives you a good starting point. It’s for six chickens who will have plenty of warmth and security as well as an easy access outside. The coop has an access door for easy cleaning, a window and a secure door.
The coop features convenient entry points for feeding, cleaning, and harvesting eggs. The gabled roof provides protection in harsh weather, and with approved heating and insulation, the coop can provide protection for your birds even through the coldest winters.
Ideal for those looking to keep a large number of birds or to increase the size of their flock. This walk-in chicken coop offers plenty of living space and two large walk-in doors. The Scandinavian design makes it a pleasant addition to your exterior living space. It can house up to 50 chickens.
This is a plan for a large chicken coop that can house up to fifty birds. It is of some complexity to build and set on a permanent foundation. However, this design can really prepare your operation to be ready for any level of expansion.
This A-frame chicken coop can house up to six chickens. It is of a medium complexity to build and should take several days to construct. This design is particularly useful for nesting chickens producing eggs, as it has four separate hatching areas.
This chicken coop is designed for up to 10 chickens to have roosting and nesting room without making a huge footprint in your yard or farm space. It is great for beginning farmers. It features a full-size access door as well as a window to allow for increased airflow.
This chicken coop plan features convenient entry points for feeding, cleaning, and harvesting eggs and is perfect for small or beginning farmers. The design is stationary, and it has two access hatches to get to the nesting areas. It is of medium difficulty to construct.
This plan shows you how to build a 10 foot by 8 foot hen house that is capable of housing up to thirty chickens. It is a stationary structure, complete with nesting areas, windows, and doors for both the birds and for you to clean, feed and collect eggs or hatchlings.
This is a stationery design for a 12×8 chicken run, complete with roosting areas and hatchling boxes. The 96 square feet of space allows plenty of room for interior roaming in the aviary, while the raised nesting box provides an extra level of security from predators.
This lean-to style chicken coop is of a medium difficulty to construct and is perfect for any urban farm, backyard hatchery, or large-scale producer. It is a stationery design, with roosting areas as well as plenty feet of space for roaming. The design is perfect for expansion.
This is a lean-to style chicken coop that will be tall enough to allow you to walk inside. The coop is designed with protected areas for nesting and roosting, while still allowing space for roaming while the coop is closed. It is spacious and sturdy enough to protect your chickens.
This plan is for an extra large chicken coop with a lean-to roof design and space for up to 22 chickens. Two different doors offer entry to the main chicken run and to the roosting area. Another hatch door on the back allows an additional way to collect eggs or access for cleaning. It may take up to a week to build.
This design is one of the most convenient. It looks attractive in a yard and will be easily accessed by you and your chickens. The simple directions and clear illustrations are easy to follow and take you through the entire process step by step. It should take about 4 to 5 days to build, depending on your skill level.
This chicken coop is over 740 square feet, it provides enough space for both roosting and roaming area for up to 55 chickens. The gable style roof provides shelter and multiple access doors allow for easy entry to feed, clean, and harvest to both the run and the nesting area.
This is a stationary chicken run design for entry-level farmers and builders. Its 65 square feet of space provides enough room for eight chickens to nest and roam. The gabled roof will provide safe shelter for your chickens year round. Its design will also keep your flock safe from predators.
The arc design provides a free flow of air and makes the overall frame more sturdy during transportation. The rear nesting area provides plenty of protection from predators and shelter from the weather for up to ten chickens. Doors allow access to the front aviary and the nesting area without any stress.
This chicken coop is designed to be mobile, it’s roof offers sturdy protection, even in heavy storms. The raised nesting area provides extra protection from predators. With proper insulation and quality materials, it can also house your chickens through most cold spells.
When deciding on the type of chicken house to build for your flock, you should also factor yourself in the equation. The coop should meet most of your tastes and preferences so that you don’t quickly fall out of love with it. Here are key factors to consider when choosing chicken coop designs to fit your needs.
Chicken Coop Location – Where you will build or position your coop is key. Consider the following tips when selecting an ideal location:
Consider zoning and covenant concerns – Check with the local authorities about any zoning restrictions and whether you need any building permits.
Proximity to the house – The coop should be easily accessible from your home. Not too close and not too far away.
Consider your neighbors – Don’t place the coop too close to their house because of the odor issue or if they are not chicken fans.
Proximity to utilities – Is your location near a water source, electricity or feeds storage?
Chicken Coop Design
The size of your backyard chicken coop will depend on the amount of space you have to build on and the number of chickens you want to rear. Size will also significantly influence your structure’s design – including tallness and structural layers. The best practice is to have 2 to 4 square feet of indoor floor space and 3 to 6 square feet of outdoor run area per bird. The coop size also depends on whether it will be a ‘walk-in’ or access will be from the outside. A walk-in definitely requires more space.
A-frames and hoops: These are among the simplest types of coops you can construct, and they are great for small yards. They require minimal materials and skills to build, and they are easy to move around the compound. A-frames are long and triangular in shape while hoops are typically rounded and funnel-shaped.
Chicken tractors: A chicken tractor is a type of housing that’s meant to be moved from one location to the other. It typically features four walls and a roof, but no bottom (except in the shelter area which is on one side of the structure). This allows the chickens to work the soil and fertilize different parts of the compound as the coop is driven around. They are often built with wheels to facilitate movement.
All-in-one coops: All-in-one coops provide almost everything in one place. They feature a shelter and a run under one tall roof that covers both areas and provides human access to the run but not the shelter. This access allows you to efficiently collect eggs, feed & treat birds, clean the whole structure, and more.
Walk-in coops: Walk in chicken coops do just as their name says – they allow you to walk into the shelter. They are large enough for you to stand upright and have sturdy floors to support human weight. Their large size makes it easy to clean, maintain and carry out all other chores needed in the structure. However, a lot of materials are required for construction as well as a reasonable level of skill. The outdoor run for these coops is often built separately, although you can make it as an extension from the shelter if you wish.
The Importance of Building Your Flock Creature Comforts
Finally, you need to consider how to make your DIY chicken coop comfy for your flock to feel at home in their new residence. This will include:
Finalizing Your Flooring: Finish working on your flooring before you start fastening things like roosts and nest boxes to the floor. It can be quite tricky to work around these features later on.
Coming Home to (a) Roost: Birds prefer sleeping off the ground even in the wild. Therefore, they will need a roost in the shelter part of the coop to rest at night. Important factors to take into account when building a roost are:
Location – Will depend on your coop size and design.
Size – Allow each bird about 12 inches of roost space.
Height – Install it as high as you can – at least 2 feet off the floor.
Drop zone – The roost should not be over feed and water dishes – chicken consider roosts as their bathroom.
Making your roost out of different materials – The material making a roost matters less for your chicken as long as it’s comfy for them. However, popular options to consider include lumber, a dowel, or a properly cut tree branch.
Feathering a Nest Box – A chicken coop isn’t complete without several nest boxes where your birds can lay their eggs. When designing nest boxes for installation, consider:
Size – Nest boxes should be typically 12*12 inches square although you can make them slightly larger if you want to (but not more than 16*16 inches).
Number – One nest box for 3 to 4 hens is good practice.
Placement – Place the boxes together in a group and a dark, protected area. You can also place them on an exterior section of the hatch for easy egg collection from the outside.
Bedding – Use loose straw, soft hay or wood shavings to line the boxes and provide some comfort to the birds when laying.
Building – buying or repurposing boxes- You can build, buy or re-use carton boxes for your project.
If your fancy chicken coop is several feet off the ground, you will need to build a simple ramp to help the birds climb up and down the hatch. It’s not difficult to construct a basic ramp. You can either make a ladder-like ramp or just use one plain lumber fitted with rungs that run crossways to give the bird’s steps to grip with their toes.
Enjoy building your flock’s house with our comprehensive guide to chicken coop construction! Remember, you can always contact us for help, advice or clarification in every step of your building process!